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Ruta do Viño Valdeorras > Historic Heritage

Historic Heritage

Puente Romano del Bibei

Through Valdeorras runs the “Via Nova”. One of the most important roman ways in the North West of the peninsula which completed Rome’s communications in the land Augustus conquered.

This way went from Bracara Augusta (Braga in Portugal at this moment) to Asturica Augusta (Astorga), approximately 320 kms and was finished in 79 B.C. Gold from the Médulas and from the river Sil went talong this route. Its layout is detailed in the  Antonino itinerary (IIIrd century).

The most important constructions of  this age were the bridges, due to there beauty and size. Puente de Bibei is one of the most important in the peninsula and was declared Historic Art Monument in 1931. If you arrive from Larouco, you will enjoy the sinuous road built following the Roman layout. It has three medium point arches on high pillars. The two central pillars are square built. And it still preserves on both sides, drainage walls.

Other important constructions are El Puente de la Cigarrosa, between A Rúa and Petín, over the river Sil, the Puente de la Rodeleira in Vilamartin; the Puente del Córrego between Vila do Castro and vilanova; the Puente del Regueiral in Rubiá and the one at Entoma.

There still remain remnants of the roman gold mines which used the technique of the Ruina Montium, similar to the one in the Médulas, in the villages of Córgomo, Entoma or A Medua, altars like the one dedicated to Good Baco in the San Turxo (Millarouso) church and stones like the Lucio Pompeio Reburro in A Rúa Vella. Valencia do Sil and Vilamartín have two of the most important Castros from the roman age.

The winter path to Santiago de Compostela enters in Galicia through Valdeorras from El Bierzo and runs near to the river Sil between spectacular scenery.

The French path starts in Ponferrada, trying to avoid the hard winter way from Pedrafita. Sobradelo is the first important village in the Camino, which passes over the river Sil at Ponte Nova to continue on the right bank of the river. The next place is Entoma before coming to Barco which is crossed through the Calle Real, and we leave the council of O Barco at A Pobra near to the "Monastery of Xagoaza" and its magnificent setting. Then follows Arcos, Vilamartín, San Miguel de Outeiro. This trip is highlighted by the different big houses and typical architecture like the caves exposed through their chimneys. You reach A Rúa Vella from where you leave the region between vineyards. At Montefurado and Quiroga, the Camino enters Terras de Lemos and  reaches Compostela after travelling through the Ribeira Sacra, Comarca do Deza and meeting the Ruta da Prata in Lalín till it reaches Compostela.

Monastery of Xagoaza